Author Topic: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description  (Read 8024 times)

Pommy Stuart

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Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« on: October 12, 2012, 06:54:25 am »
If you want to look at similar pages for other ships go to: * * * Index - Use this to find your Ship * * *




Welcome on board the USRC Corwin

This ship was officially known as USRC Thomas Corwin (but also as US Revenue Marine Steamer Corwin and US Revenue Steamer Corwin) during her Revenue Cutter service 1877-1900 and, after modifications, as SS Corwin during her merchant service 1900-1916. Thomas seems to have been dropped in most references.



(The little ship in the background of the picture is the "Walcott")


Have a look around the forum, and don't hesitate to pose questions! There are lots of people who would be happy to respond. Each time you join a new ship have a look for one of these pages.

Feel free to add your own questions and comments to:
Corwin -- Discussion: Questions and Comments

If you are interested in the names of crew members see: Corwin -- Crew Lists




Corwin has a wide variety of log book formats. Some log books are the standard format (or very close to it) that you see in the Tutorial and that the Weather Observation tab is oriented towards. Other log books are very different from the standard format.

We currently have example log pages for the following formats:






Links to further information about the ship:



A fellow transcriber (Kathy) has created a database to help both transcribers and historians (and contributors are welcome!): Searchable Database
« Last Edit: October 28, 2014, 11:33:05 am by Hanibal94 »

Pommy Stuart

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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #1 on: November 18, 2012, 11:31:54 pm »
USRC Corwin

This post covers a log page from 6 August 1881.



Comments on the log:
  • This is a fairly standard log format.
  • Normally there are 24 weather records per day.
  • Note that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
  • On the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.
  • NEW: Kevin Wood (a member of the OW science team) and Chris Davis (of the Solar Stormwatch project) are interested in reports of sunspots and aurorae because these are very informative about the activity of the Sun. Kevin and Chris would appreciate your recording these reports on the Events tab. For more information see Old Space Weather: sightings of aurorae and sunspots

   
Links to helpful transcribing information:



Weather Page:
Example: http://oldweather.s3.amazonaws.com/ow3/USS%20Corwin/Corwin_1881/pics2%20329_0.jpg

The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included on the Weather Observation tab, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

Quote
Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached. |Dry |Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud Code |Clear Sky|
1NW529.5052434137f-0
2"529.5452434137"-0
3"529.5851434036"-0
4"529.6052424037"-0
5"429.6054424037"-0
6"429.6256424037"-0
7"329.6958413937"-0
8"329.7459413937"-0
9"229.7260424039cgfCum-Nim0
10"229.7060434139""0
11"229.7061434139""0
Noon"229.6958444039""0
                                   

Location | Dead Reckoning | Latitude = 67 52 00 N | Longitude = 175 18 00 W

                                   
Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached. |Dry |Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud Code |Sky Clear|
1East229.6860444039orNim0
2"229.6862434039""0
3"229.6662434139""0
4"229.6660434139""0
5ESE229.6059424139""0
6"229.6157444339""0
7"229.6157444339""0
8"229.6056454339""0
9SE229.6156454339""0
10"229.5957454339""0
11"229.5858454339""0
Mid"229.5660454439""0
                                   

Notes for transcribers:
  • Atypically, the log keeper enters the location text at the top of the Record of the Miscellaneous Events of the Day page rather than at the top of the Weather page. The location text should be entered where it appears on the second page (the events page). For this reason, the 'Progress Bar', just above the image of the log page, will be out of sequence and should be ignored.
  • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab.



Record of the Miscellaneous Events of the Day:
Example http://oldweather.s3.amazonaws.com/ow3/USS%20Corwin/Corwin_1881/pics2%20329_1.jpg

This page has been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote
Cape Wankarem
   Saturday August 6th, 1881
Mid. to 4A.M. Fresh breeze from N.W. and dense fog.
                                                                     Edmund Burke, 2nd Lieut.
4 to 8A.M. Moderate to gentle breeze from the N.W. and foggy.
Made preparations to water ship.
                                                                     W.J. Herring, 1st Lieut.
8 to Merid. Light wind from N.W.; weather cloudy, gloomy,
and foggy. Crew employed boating off water. Natives came
on board bringing a number of articles from the wrecked
whaling bark "Vigilant" which were purchased by the Comdg
officer. At 10 Comd'g officer went on shore to search for other
articles at the native settlement. At 10 inspected berth deck.
                                                                      W.E. Reynolds, 3rd Lieut.
Merid to 4P.M. Light easterly wind; overcast and raining.
Crew employed as in previous watch. At 1:30 Comd'g officer
returned on board bringing a buck saw, whaling iron,
and several pieces of iron work supposed to have been taken
from the whaling bark "Vigilant". At 3.45 shifted anchor
age, coming to, at 3.50 in in 5 fathoms water, with starboard
anchor, and 15 fathoms chain. Cape Wankarem bearing
N.1/4E. Distant 1/8 mile. At 4 finished watering, having re-
ceived 720 gallons of fresh water.
                                                                       O.D. Myrick, 3rd Lieut.
4 to 8P.M. Light easterly wind and overcast with continu-
ous rain. At 8 veered to 20 fathoms on starboard chain.
                                                                       Edmund Burke, 2nd Lieut.
8 to Mid. Day ends with light breeze from S'd & E'd, over-
cast, and raining.
                                                                       W.E. Reynolds, 3rd Lieut.
                             Approved to date
                                      C.L. Hooper
                                               Captain USRM

Notes for transcribers:
  • The location should be transcribed. Location | Port Name | Name = Cape Wankarem.
    Note that Port Name is used because this is where the ship is located.
  • The date should be transcribed. Date = 06/08/1881.
  • With the exception of the location and date, entering any or all of the information on this page is optional, although including the place and ship mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • Cape Wankarem can be entered on the Location tab:
      Location | Place Name | Name = Cape Wankarem bearing N.1/4E. Distant 1/8 mile.
      Note that Place Name is used because a bearing is given.
    • Whaling bark "Vigilant" can be entered on the Mentions tab:
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Whaling Bark Vigilant   Context = Natives came on board bringing a number of articles from the wrecked whaling bark "Vigilant" which were purchased by the Comd'g officer. At 10 Comd'g officer went on shore to search for other articles at the native settlement.
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Whaling Bark Vigilant   Context = At 1:30 Comd'g officer returned on board bringing a buck saw, whaling iron, and several pieces of iron work supposed to have been taken from the whaling bark "Vigilant".
      Note that the second mention of Vigilant is strictly optional. Add it only if it interests you.
  • There are entries for "Coal", "Rations" and "Water" in the left-hand column but there is no need to enter these numbers unless they interest you (in which case they would go on the Events tab). If coal is received, it will be noted under "Coal" and the amount received should go on the Refueling tab.
  • All the full stops (periods) used in the log entries have been transcribed, but full stops in common abbreviations may be omitted. See 'Sometimes we can take a little shortcut' in Type What You See - Yes, but ... for more details.



Log keepers' quirks:


Other information and comments:


A typical day 'at the office' for the USRC fleet in the Arctic.




Enjoy the voyages.
« Last Edit: May 06, 2013, 10:27:59 am by Janet Jaguar »

Randi

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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #2 on: November 20, 2012, 07:12:38 pm »
USRC Corwin

This post covers a log page from 23 August 1884.




Comments on the log:
  • This is a standard log format.
  • The handwriting is challenging. It isn't sloppy, but the log keeper forms some letters and numbers very differently than we do today.
  • There appear to be many ships met and people named. Entering these is optional. Three transcriptions of this data are helpful for accuracy, but only the weather data requires three transcriptions. Nonetheless, if this doesn't interest you, you may prefer another ship.
  • Note that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
  • On the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.
  • NEW: Kevin Wood (a member of the OW science team) and Chris Davis (of the Solar Stormwatch project) are interested in reports of sunspots and aurorae because these are very informative about the activity of the Sun. Kevin and Chris would appreciate your recording these reports on the Events tab. For more information see Old Space Weather: sightings of aurorae and sunspots


Links to helpful transcribing information:



Weather Page:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_vol_198_127.jpg

The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included on the Weather Observation tab, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

Quote
Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached |Dry|Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
1W1f0
2""29.7440363439""
3"2""
4""29.7440363438""
5""""
6""29.7641363437""
7""""
8""29.7841363437""
9WNW"""
10NW"29.7942363437""
11Var"""
12""29.8248383637""


Location | Dead Reckoning | Latitude = 70 49 N | Longitude = 159 23 W


Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached |Dry|Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
1Var1f0
2""29.8249403837""
3""""
4""29.8550434036""
5""o"
6""29.8552423938""
7""""
8NE429.8552353338ofiNim-Cum1
9"""""
10""29.8353363438osq"0
11"2"""
12NNE"29.8559363438"""

Notes for transcribers:
  • Atypically, the log keeper enters the location text at the top of the Record of the Miscellaneous Events of the Day page rather than at the top of the Weather page. The location text should be entered where it appears on the second page (the events page). For this reason, the 'Progress Bar', just above the image of the log page, will be out of sequence and should be ignored.
  • If any of the wind directions or cloud codes are included in the interface drop-downs, you may choose those instead of what is written. 'West' may be entered 'W'. 'Nim+Cum' may be entered 'Cum-Nim' (this has been verified with Philip). If there is any doubt about which cloud type in the list to use, type exactly what the log keeper wrote.
  • The 8pm weather code has been transcribed as 'ofi' (even though 'i' does not seem to be a valid weather code) because that is what it looks like.
  • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab.



Record of the Miscellaneous Events of the Day:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_vol_198_127.jpg

This page has been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote
Under the command of Captain M.A. Healy, USRM
At anchor Arctic Ocean  Saturday August 23, 1884

Com and until 4 AM: Light airs to light breeze from West and foggy.  A large quantity
of drift ice passing the vessel  At 1 shifted anchorage to avoid being jammed between drift
and grounded ice  Came to with port anchor + 10 faths chain in 4 1/2 fathoms water.
                                                                                                  (Sd) Geo A. Cook
                                                                                                   2nd Lt

4 to 8 AM:  Calm + overcast Foggy. At 7 sent boat to board vessel anchored in
the vicinity  Small quantity of drift ice passing the vessel
                                                                                                   (Sd) G H Doty
                                                                                                    3rd Lt

8 to Merid:  Light N.W. to variable winds and foggy.  At 9.30 got underway + towed the Bark
"Helen Mar" to windward so she could make sail and stand out, she being anchored close in
under the land.  At 10.10 Let go Bark.  Bark "Dawn" anchored near us  Sent the men belonging to
her on board  Received from the "Dawn" two seamen belonging to the wrecked Str "Bow-
head": H. T. Michaels + Jose Ramos  Rendered medical aid to one seaman of Bark "Dawn"
and 3 on Bark "Fleetwing"  Boarded Barks "Bounding Billow" Baker "Fleetwing" Nye
"Helen Mar" Ellis and "Dawn" Heckmat  At 11.10 kept her North  11.30 Stopped and
spoke Bark "Wanderer"
                                                                                                     (Sd) J.H. Douglass
                                                                                                                 Pilot

Merid to 4 PM:  Light variable wind and foggy weather  Received from Bark "Wanderer"
one seaman belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" (Friok Barger)  At 12.40 ahead steering var-
ious courses through heavy drift ice  Spoke "Atlantic" + "Stamboul" + Brig "Hidalgo"
Boarded Bark "Ocean" Koons master  Rendered medical assistance to 3 seamen ~
on Bark "Hunter"
                                                                                                       (Sd) J.W. Howison      2nd Lt

4 to 6 PM: Light N.E. breeze and overcast  At 4.30 anchored near the fleet in 9 1/2 faths
water port anchor + veered to 25 faths chain  Boarded Bark "Young Phoenix" Green
master of New Bedford, + Bark "Francis Palmer" Williams master of San Francisco
Rendered medical assistance to one man belonging wrecked Str "Bowhead"
                                                                                                         (Sd) Geo A. Cook     2nd Lt 

6 to 8 PM: Moderate NE wind overcast + foggy  Drift ice passing to the N'd
                                                                                                          (Sd) G H Doty        3rd Lt

8 to Mid: Light N.N.E. wind overcast with snow squalls.  Received on board 3 men
from Str "Orca" belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" A. Ameliar  C. Martin + A. Cushing
Ice passing to the North  13 vessels in sight at end of watch
                                                                                                           (Sd) J H Douglass
                                                                                                                       Pilot

Approved
(Sd) M.A. Healy
          Captain USRM

Notes for transcribers:
  • The location should be transcribed. Location | Port Name | Name = Arctic Ocean.
    Note that Port Name is used because the ship is anchored, but since Arctic Ocean is so vague Place Name would also be acceptable. When Port Name is used, only the name should be entered.
  • The date should be transcribed. Date = 23/08/1884.
  • With the exception of the date and location, entering any or all of the information on this page is optional, although including the ice descriptions, people, and ships mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • Ice descriptions can be entered on the Sea Ice tab:
      Sea Ice | Sea Ice Description = Com and until 4 AM: Light airs to light breeze from West and foggy.  A large quantity of drift ice passing the vessel  At 1 shifted anchorage to avoid being jammed between drift and grounded ice
      or simply Sea Ice Description = A large quantity of drift ice passing the vessel  At 1 shifted anchorage to avoid being jammed between drift and grounded ice
      Sea Ice | Sea Ice Description = Small quantity of drift ice passing the vessel
      Sea Ice | Sea Ice Description = At 12.40 ahead steering various courses through heavy drift ice
      Sea Ice | Sea Ice Description = Drift ice passing to the N'd
      Sea Ice | Sea Ice Description = Ice passing to the North
    • People can be noted using the Mentions tab:
      From the context, it appears that Baker, Nye, Ellis, and Heckmat are members of the ship's company.
      Mentions | Person | Name = Baker   Context = Bounding Billow
      Mentions | Person | Name = Nye   Context = Fleetwing
      Mentions | Person | Name = Ellis   Context = Helen Mar
      Mentions | Person | Name = Heckmat   Context = Dawn
      The remaining people appear to be officers and crew members of whalers.
      Mentions | Person | Name = H. T. Michaels   Context = Received from the "Dawn" two seamen belonging to the wrecked Str "Bowhead": H. T. Michaels + Jose Ramos
      Mentions | Person | Name = Jose Ramos   Context = Received from the "Dawn" two seamen belonging to the wrecked Str "Bowhead": H. T. Michaels + Jose Ramos
      Mentions | Person | Name = Friok Barger   Context = Received from Bark "Wanderer" one seaman belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" (Friok Barger)
      Mentions | Person | Name = A. Ameliar   Context = Received on board 3 men from Str "Orca" belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" A. Ameliar  C. Martin + A. Cushing
      Mentions | Person | Name = C. Martin   Context = Received on board 3 men from Str "Orca" belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" A. Ameliar  C. Martin + A. Cushing
      Mentions | Person | Name = A. Cushing   Context = Received on board 3 men from Str "Orca" belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead" A. Ameliar  C. Martin + A. Cushing
      Mentions | Person | Name = Koons master   Context = Boarded Bark "Ocean" Koons master
      Mentions | Person | Name = Green master   Context = Boarded Bark "Young Phoenix" Green master of New Bedford
      Mentions | Person | Name = Williams master   Context = Boarded Bark "Francis Palmer" Williams master of San Francisco
    • Ships can be noted using the Mentions tab:
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Helen Mar"   Context = At 9.30 got underway + towed the Bark "Helen Mar" to windward so she could make sail and stand out, she being anchored close in under the land.  At 10.10 Let go Bark. 
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Dawn"   Context = Bark "Dawn" anchored near us  Sent the men belonging to her on board
      (The Coast Guard Expands, 1865-1915: New Roles, New Frontiers mentions returning four deserters.)
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Str "Bowhead"   Context = Received from the "Dawn" two seamen belonging to the wrecked Str "Bowhead"
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Fleetwing"   Context = Rendered medical aid to one seaman of Bark "Dawn" and 3 on Bark "Fleetwing"
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Bounding Billow"   Context = Boarded
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Wanderer"   Context = 11.30 Stopped and spoke Bark "Wanderer"
      Mentions | Ship | Name = "Atlantic"   Context = Spoke
      Mentions | Ship | Name = "Stamboul"   Context = Spoke
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Brig "Hidalgo"   Context = Spoke
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Ocean"   Context = Boarded
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Young Phoenix"   Context = Boarded
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Francis Palmer"   Context = Boarded
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Bark "Hunter"   Context = Rendered medical assistance to 3 seamen ~ on Bark "Hunter"
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Str "Orca"   Context = Received on board 3 men from Str "Orca" belonging to wrecked Str "Bowhead"
      Several of the ships are noted multiple times. One mention here is sufficient unless you find the entries particularly interesting. When possible, try to avoid entries that were used above for Person.
  • All the quotation marks used in the log entries have been transcribed, but they may be omitted.
  • All the full stops (periods) used in the log entries have been transcribed, but full stops in common abbreviations may be omitted.
  • For more information on the last two points, see 'Sometimes we can take a little shortcut' in Type What You See - Yes, but ... for more details.



Log keepers' quirks:
  • On this page there seems to be only one log keeper/copier, so that does help a bit.
    • 'N' tends to look like 'b' - see the wind directions column.
    • 'S' tends to look like a cursive 'J' - see "Saturday August 23" at the top of the Events page.
      At other times, as is often the case, 'S' and 'L' are almost identical - see "Light airs" on the first line of the Events page and "Shifted anchorage" on the line below.
    • 'E' looks like 'W' rotated 80 degrees clockwise - see the wind directions column (AM is 'W' and PM is 'E').
    • 'B' looks like a heart - see third watch 'Boarded Barks "Bounding Billow" Baker'.
    • 'M' tends to look like 'U', but occasionally it looks like a 'W' - see AM (looks like hill) and PM.
    • When the log keeper adds a flourish, 'r' sometimes looks like 'd'.
    • Sometimes his '9' looks like a '6'- see barometer heights.

Other information and comments:
« Last Edit: September 16, 2016, 04:58:29 pm by Caro »

Randi

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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #3 on: November 20, 2012, 07:14:04 pm »
USRC Corwin

This post covers a log page from 22 February 1886.




Comments on the log:
  • It is strongly recommended that only experienced transcribers attempt this log.
  • Everything, including the table for the weather data is handwritten.
  • This is not a standard log format.
    • All the data, weather and events, is on a single page. For this reason, the 'Progress Bar', just above the image of the log page, will be out of sequence and should be ignored.
    • Not all the data requested on the Weather Observation tab is available. If there is no corresponding column in the log, just leave the entry box blank.
    • The format of the table for the weather data and the number of entries vary depending on whether the ship is in port or at sea.
  • Note that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
  • On the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.
  • NEW: Kevin Wood (a member of the OW science team) and Chris Davis (of the Solar Stormwatch project) are interested in reports of sunspots and aurorae because these are very informative about the activity of the Sun. Kevin and Chris would appreciate your recording these reports on the Events tab. For more information see Old Space Weather: sightings of aurorae and sunspots


Links to helpful transcribing information:



Weather Section:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_example_1001-1.jpg (Left hand page)

The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included on the Weather Observation tab, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

Quote
Date = 22/02/1886
Location | Place Name | Name = At Sea


Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached |Dry|Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
1Sly1
2"1
3"1
4"129.9267
5"1
6"1
7"1
8"1.9369
9Variable1
10"1
11"1
12"1.9669
4SW3.9665
8"1.9660
12Sly1.9760

Notes for transcribers:
  • The table headings on this page are: H (hour), K (knots), F (fathoms), Course (ship's heading), Wind (wind direction), F (wind force), Bar (barometer height), and Ther (air temperature). When the ship is anchored, the K, F, and Course columns may not be present (See: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_example_1001-1.jpg (Right hand page)).
    Knot, as it is used here, is one 120th of a nautical mile, and a fathom is a tenth of a knot. See A treatise on navigation and nautical astronomy (pages 27 and 28).
  • The log keeper sometimes omits the integer portion (e.g., 29.92, .93, .96) from the barometric pressure reading (Bar Height). As shown above, you should not add the 29 when you transcribe the data.
  • The 8pm weather presents a challenge. This is a case where you need to use your own judgement. One suggestion, implemented here, is simply to ignore the ditto mark in the wind force column. According to Philip Brohan, one of the project's scientists, it is not worth spending a lot of time and energy on something that happens very rarely. If it happens frequently in this log, we will work out a procedure for handling it.
  • Sly, at 1am and midnight, means southerly and can be transcribed either as Sly or as S'ly.
  • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab.



Remarks Sections:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_example_1001-1.jpg (Left hand page)

This page has been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote
Mid. to 4. A.M. Light S'ly airs, overcast
sky, smooth sea.
               F. Tuttle 1'st Lt

4 to 8. A.M. Light S'ly airs, overcast sky
smooth sea. At 4.20 made Pt Loma
Lt. bearing S.E.3/4E. At 5.40 steered S.E.1/4E.
At 7.55 off Pt. Loma Lt. Steered var=
ious courses.
               F. Tuttle 1'st Lt

8 to Merd. Light variable airs. At 8.30
crossing in over San Diego bar. At 9.40
came to anchor off San Diego, in 5 faths
water; veered to 15 faths, on stbd. chain


                                                        F. Tuttle 1'st Lt
Merd. to 4. P.M. Moderate S.W. breeze, hazy and pleasant weather. Crew
employed scraping bright wood work on deck.

4 to 8. Light S'ly breeze, partly overcast sky


8 to Mid. Light S'ly breeze, overcast sky

                                                        F. Tuttle 1'st Lt.



At anchor               14h 20m
Underway                 9h 40m
Miles steamed               72
Coal onhand              94345
"    expd.                5580
"    remg.               88765
Rations onhand             971
"       expd.               24
"       remg.              947
Water onhand              1415
"     expd.                 75
"     remg.               1340
Officers present             3
Petty officers + crew "     30


Notes for transcribers:
  • As was noted under the Weather Section, the date and location should be transcribed.
    Date = 22/02/1886
    Location | Place Name | Name = At Sea
  • With the exception of the date and location, entering any or all of the information on this page is optional, although including the places mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • Pt Loma Lt. can be entered on the Location tab:
      Location | Place Name | Name = At 4.20 made Pt Loma Lt. bearing S.E.3/4E.
      If you prefer, the second mention (At 7.55 off Pt. Loma Lt) could be used instead of or in addition to the first. However, it is not necessary to enter both.
      Note that Place Name is used because a bearing is given.
    • San Diego bar can be entered on the Location tab:
      Location | Place Name | Name = At 8.30 crossing in over San Diego bar.
      Note that Place Name is used because the ship didn't stop there.
    • San Diego can be entered on the Location tab in one of two ways:
      Location | Place Name | Name = At 9.40 came to anchor off San Diego
      Note that Place Name is used to allow the context to be given.
      or
      Location | Port Name | Name = San Diego
      Note that Port Name is used because the ship is anchored there. When Port Name is used, only the name should be entered.
  • There are entries for "Coal", "Rations" and "Water" in the left-hand column but there is no need to enter these numbers unless they interest you (in which case they would go on the Events tab). If coal is received, it will be noted under "Coal" and the amount received should go on the Refueling tab.
  • All the full stops (periods) used in the log entries have been transcribed, but full stops in common abbreviations may be omitted. See 'Sometimes we can take a little shortcut' in Type What You See - Yes, but ... for more details.



Log keepers' quirks:


Other information and comments:
« Last Edit: September 16, 2016, 03:36:57 pm by Caro »

Randi

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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #4 on: January 29, 2013, 06:10:44 pm »
USRC Corwin

These posts cover a log page from 22 July 1891


(Part 1 of 2     Go to Part 2)



Comments on the log:
  • It is strongly recommended that only experienced transcribers attempt this log.
  • This is not a standard log format.
    • This logbook does not have preprinted pages. A rubberstamp is used to provide the grid for the weather entry. The  weather and events may be on a single page or spread out over two or more pages. For this reason, the 'Progress Bar', just above the image of the log page, will be out of sequence and should be ignored.
    • The date may be on every page. It should be entered where it appears even if it has already been recorded. Note also that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
    • Not all the data requested on the Weather Observation tab is available. If there is no corresponding column in the log, just leave the entry box blank.
    • The order of the columns in the log does not match the order of the columns on the Weather Observation tab.
    • The format of the table for the weather data and the number of entries may vary depending on whether the ship is in port (see the log page from 24 November 1892) or at sea.
  • On the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.
  • NEW: Kevin Wood (a member of the OW science team) and Chris Davis (of the Solar Stormwatch project) are interested in reports of sunspots and aurorae because these are very informative about the activity of the Sun. Kevin and Chris would appreciate your recording these reports on the Events tab. For more information see Old Space Weather: sightings of aurorae and sunspots


Links to helpful transcribing information:




First Page:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_vol_206_127.jpg (Left hand page)

Quote from: Heading
Journal of the U.S. Revenue Stmr "Corwin"

Location | Place Name | Name = Unalaska  Alaska
Date = 22/07/1891

Notes for transcribers:
  • The location and the date should be transcribed. Since the log does not say that the ship is at anchor, Place Name is probably a better choice than Port Name.



The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the order of the columns in the log does not match the order of the columns on the Weather Observation tab. Note also that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included on the Weather Observation tab, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

Quote from: Weather
Hour |Wind dir |Force |Height |Ther Att. |Air |Bulb |Water |Wthr Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
1AM
2AM
3AM
4AMCalm030.1452f
5AM
6AME1f
7AMCalm0"
8AM"030.1652"
9AM"0"
10AM"030.1554"
11AM"0"
12AM"030.1452"

Hour |Wind dir |Force |Height |Ther Att. |Air |Bulb |Water |Wthr Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
1PMCalm0ocf
2PMESE330.1351f
3PM"3f
4PM"230.1449f
5PMCalm0f
6PM"030.1455f
7PM"0f
8PM"030.1452f
9PM"0oc
10PM"030.1451of
11PMSE0ofm
12PM"030.1450ofm

Notes for transcribers:
  • Normally, we only enter the hour and Philip Brohan, one of the project's scientists, then uses the vertical position on the page to determine if it is AM or PM. Because the data is in two columns that technique will not work here. So, Philip has asked that we specify am or pm. He says '1am', '1AM', '1 am' or '1 AM' are all fine.
  • If any of the wind directions are in included in the interface drop-downs, you may choose those instead of what is written. 'North' may be entered as 'N'.


                                             
Quote

At Anchor      6 hrs  45 min
Under way      17 hrs 15 min     miles 131.5
Under sail     5 hrs             miles 39.3
Noon Position.
L 54 18 N
Lo 165 48 W
Rations.        Exp'd 24         Rem'g 2469
Coal            Exp'd 11860      Rem'g 137140
Present         Off. 9           Crew 30
Boarded         Amer. 1
Miles to date   July    1165.3
Water   Expd 108
        remg 1992


Notes for transcribers:
  • Noon Position should be transcribed. Since neither Observed nor Dead Reckoning is specified, the Noon Position should be transcribed as Dead Reckoning.
    Location | Dead Reckoning | Latitude = 54 18 N | Longitude = 165 48 W
  • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab. There may be entries for 'Coal Expd' and 'Coal Remg', but there is no need to enter these numbers unless they interest you (in which case they would go on the Events tab).
  • None of the other data needs to be transcribed. If something interests you, it can be noted using the Events tab.



Quote from: Sick Report
G. S~son. Carp-
ulcer of thigh
N. S~son. C.passer
Crushed fingers - off duty
H. Rosendale Cox -
felon of finger.

Notes for transcribers:
  • Entering any or all of this information is optional, although including the people mentioned below is encouraged.
  • If you cannot read a letter or letters, a number, or a whole word, please enter a tilde (~) or tildes to indicate this.



These events have been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote
Mid - 4am
          Calm overcast + foggy
                                     CE Johnston 3'd Lt.

4 - 8am
          Calm + foggy.  #see margin next page  6:45 fog partially
lifting got underway + steamed out of
harbor. steering various courses-
7:12 passed Ulakhta Head  7:58-
Cape Kalekhta abeam.  Steered NxE
Smooth Sea Performed morning duties
                                       S.E. Maguire 1'st Lt.

8am - Merid.
          Calm - overcast + foggy -
Smooth Sea  Standing to N'd + E'd under
steam alone  At 10:00 steered NE 1/2 E.
11:50 changed course to NNE 1/2 E. 12:00
sighted schooner on starboard bow,
hauled up for her heading NE 1/2 E.
                                      D.J. Ainsworth 2'd Lt.

Notes for transcribers:
  • Entering any or all of the information is optional, although including the places mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • Places can be noted using the Location tab:
      Location | Place Name | Name = 7:12 passed Ulakhta Head or simply Ulakhta Head
      Note that Place Name is used because we are not at Ulakhta Head. If the ship was anchored in Ulakhta Head, Port Name would be used. Unlike Port Name, Place Name allows bearings and other details to be included.
      Location | Place Name | Name = 7:58- Cape Kalekhta abeam
  • See also Notes for transcribers at the end of the following section.




Second Page:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_vol_206_127.jpg (Right hand page)

This page has been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote
Captain C.L. Hooper Commanding
Wednesday, July 22, 1891. Con


Merid. - 4 pm
          Calm to gentle ESE breeze cloudy
at first- foggy from 2:00-  Smooth Sea
with S.W. swell    At 12:50, North Head Akun
Id bg.   S   , dist 4 mi, stopped, boarded +
examined Schr "San Diego," of San Francisco
Neilson, Master, on sealing voyage, had
been boarded on July 17, when 60 miles
W.S.W. of St Paul Id, by H.M.S. "Pheasant"
and warned to leave the sea; was now
on way out of Bering Sea, bound for
Pirate Cove, + thence home: had been
becalmed for three days in vicinity where
boarded- had no seal skins on board-
At 1:05 steamed ahead- Course NNE At 2-
light ESE breeze set staysails  At 3:00 changed
course to WNW-    Crew variously employed-
                                         F.H. Dimock 2'd Lt-

4-6 pm
          Calm + foggy- lifting occasionally.
At 6:00 took in all sail - Vessel steaming
on her course
                                     C.E Johnston    3'd Lt.

6-8 pm
          Calm - overcast + foggy -   Vessel
on course under steam alone -
                                    D.J. Ainsworth    2'd Lt

8pm mid.
          Calm to light Southerly airs -
foggy + misty at times from 9:00 -
Smooth sea with S.W. swell-   At 11:00
light favorable airs, set staysails.
Vessel steaming on her course
Kept especial watch for vessels throughout the day.
                                             F.H. Dimock 2'd Lt.



# see prev. page
Ivan Petroff, Census Agt. for Alaska., 11th U.S. Census,
desiring + requesting transportation to Nunivak Island
in the performance of his duty, took him on board to
be landed there, in case our duties in cruising led us
in that direction.

Notes for transcribers:
  • Entering any or all of the information is optional, although including the people, places and ships mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • People can be entered on the Mentions tab:
      Mentions | Person | Name = Neilson, Master   Context = Schr "San Diego," of San Francisco
      Mentions | Person | Name = Ivan Petroff, Census Agt. for Alaska., 11th U.S. Census   Context = desiring + requesting transportation to Nunivak Island in the performance of his duty, took him on board to be landed there, in case our duties in cruising led us in that direction.
      or simply Name = Ivan Petroff, Census Agt. for Alaska   Context = took him on board
    • Places can be noted using the Location tab:
      Location | Place Name | Name = 12:50, North Head Akun Id bg.   S   , dist 4 mi
      I would not include St Paul Id, Pirate Cove and Nunivak Island because there are no direct sightings of these places recorded on this page.
    • Ships can be entered on the Mentions tab:
      Mentions | Ship | Name = Schr "San Diego"   Context = stopped, boarded + examined Schr "San Diego," of San Francisco Neilson, Master, on sealing voyage, had been boarded on July 17, when 60 miles W.S.W. of St Paul Id, by H.M.S. "Pheasant" and warned to leave the sea; was now on way out of Bering Sea, bound for Pirate Cove, + thence home: had been becalmed for three days in vicinity where boarded- had no seal skins on board-
      or simply Context = stopped, boarded + examined
      I would not include  H.M.S. "Pheasant" because there is no interaction with Corwin recorded on this page.
    • Anything else that interests you can be noted using the Events tab.
  • For more information on sealing, people, places and ships, see: Other information and comments in the following post.
  • If you cannot read a letter or letters, a number, or a whole word, please enter a tilde (~) or tildes to indicate this.
  • Note that it is not possible to enter superscripts like 1st. Ordinal numbers can be entered as 1st and 2d or as 1'st and 2'd. Other superscripts can be indicated with an apostrophe (for'd for ford).
  • In general, the symbols for degrees, minutes, and seconds can be omitted. However, this is up to the transcriber to decide. Because the entry boxes will not accept a degree symbol, we have developed the convention of using a lower-case 'o' to represent degrees.
  • All the full stops (periods) used in the log entries have been transcribed, but full stops in common abbreviations may be omitted.
  • For more information on the last points, see Type What You See - Yes, but ...




Continued in next post.
« Last Edit: September 16, 2016, 10:11:51 am by Caro »

Randi

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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #5 on: March 20, 2013, 08:00:03 am »
USRC Corwin

These posts cover a log page from 22 July 1891

Go to Part 1     (Part 2 of 2)



Log keepers' quirks:
  • Capital 'C' can sometimes be mistaken for capital 'P' ('Commanding'):

     
  • A 'd' at the end of a word can look like a 'g' ('boarded' and 'steaming'):
         
     
  • The number '2' tends to be written on a slant:

     
  • The number '5' tends to be stretched out:

     
  • On this page the log keeper seems to prefer dashes to periods and doesn't feel the need to start a sentence with a capital letter. He also sometimes elongates the tail of the last letter of a word. He may intend this to be a dash. Just do your best to transcribe what you think the log keeper has written in cases like this.

Other information and comments:
« Last Edit: April 04, 2013, 09:23:24 pm by Randi »

Randi

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  • Hero Member
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  • Posts: 12544
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Re: Corwin -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description
« Reply #6 on: March 26, 2013, 03:02:44 pm »
USRC Corwin

This post covers a log page from 24 November 1892.



Comments on the log:
  • It is recommended that only experienced transcribers attempt this log.
  • This is not a standard log format.
    • This logbook does not have preprinted pages. A rubberstamp is used to provide the grid for the weather entry. The  weather and events are generally on a single page but may be spread out over two or more pages. For this reason, the 'Progress Bar', just above the image of the log page, will be out of sequence and should be ignored.
    • In cases where there is more than one page per day, the date may be on every page. The date should be entered where it appears even if it has already been recorded. Note also that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
    • Not all the data requested on the Weather Observation tab is available. If there is no corresponding column in the log, just leave the entry box blank.
    • The order of the columns in the log does not match the order of the columns on the Weather Observation tab.
    • The format of the table for the weather data and the number of entries may vary depending on whether the ship is in port or at sea (see the log page from 22 July 1891).
  • On the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.
  • NEW: Kevin Wood (a member of the OW science team) and Chris Davis (of the Solar Stormwatch project) are interested in reports of sunspots and aurorae because these are very informative about the activity of the Sun. Kevin and Chris would appreciate your recording these reports on the Events tab. For more information see Old Space Weather: sightings of aurorae and sunspots


Links to helpful transcribing information:




Page:
Example: http://www.djcosmik.com/oldweather/corwin_example_2001-1.jpg (Left hand page)
Note: The entire day is on a single page.

These events have been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

Quote from: Journal of the U.S. Rev. Stmr. "Corwin"
                        San Francisco, Cal.,
                        Thursday, Nov. 24, 1892.

Mid- 8 A.M.
  Light West wind and clear.
7:00, liberty men returned.
                    CE Johnston.  3'd Lieut.

8 A.M. - 4 P.M.
  Light Westerly airs to light S.W. wind + clear.
All work suspended in observance of Thanksgiving.
At 11:35, granted port watch liberty until 7:00 a.m.
At 10:30, H.M.S. Melpomene came to anchor
in harbor.

4 P.M - Mid:
  Gentle to light S.W. airs + clear.     
                             J.H. Quiman, 2'd Lieut.

Notes for transcribers:
  • The location and the date should be transcribed.
    Location | Port Name | Name = San Francisco, Cal.
    Port Name has been used since we are at San Francisco.
    Date = 24/11/1892
  • Entering any or all of the other information is optional, although including the ship mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long. Do not enter a '?' unless that symbol actually appears in the logbook. The scientists know that we often have to guess.
    • HMS Melpomene can be entered on the Mentions tab:
      Mentions | Ship | Name = H.M.S. Melpomene   Context = At 10:30, H.M.S. Melpomene came to anchor in harbor.
      or simply Name = HMS Melpomene   Context = came to anchor in harbor.
    • Anything else that interests you can be noted using the Events tab.
  • For more information on log keepers and HMS Melpomene, see: Other information and comments (below).
  • If you cannot read a letter or letters, a number, or a whole word, please enter a tilde (~) or tildes to indicate this.
  • Note that it is not possible to enter superscripts like 1st. Ordinal numbers can be entered as 1st and 2d or as 1'st and 2'd. Other superscripts can be indicated with an apostrophe (for'd for ford).
  • In general, the symbols for degrees, minutes, and seconds can be omitted. However, this is up to the transcriber to decide. Because the entry boxes will not accept a degree symbol, we have developed the convention of using a lower-case 'o' to represent degrees.
  • All the full stops (periods) used in the log entries have been transcribed, but full stops in common abbreviations may be omitted.
  • For more information on the last points, see Type What You See - Yes, but ...


                                             
Quote

At Anchor      Hrs. 24-
Noon Position. San Francisco
Rations.       Exp'd. 22  Rem'g. 560
Coal           Exp'd. 920 Rem'g. 27840
Present        Off. 8  Crew. 33
Miles to date  22784


Notes for transcribers:
  • Noon Position should be transcribed.
    Location | Port Name | Name = San Francisco
    Port Name has been used since we are at San Francisco.
  • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab. There may be entries for 'Coal Expd' and 'Coal Remg', but there is no need to enter these numbers unless they interest you (in which case they would go on the Events tab).
  • None of the other data needs to be transcribed. If something interests you, it can be noted using the Events tab.



The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the order of the columns in the log does not match the order of the columns on the Weather Observation tab. Note also that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included on the Weather Observation tab, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

Quote from: Weather
Hour |Wind dir |Force |Height |Ther Att. |Air |Bulb |Water |Wthr Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
4W230.1052b
8"230.1948"
12"130.2052"
4SW230.2251bc
8"330.2048c
12"230.2048c
Notes for transcribers:
  • If any of the wind directions are in included in the interface drop-downs, you may choose those instead of what is written. 'West' may be entered as 'W'.




Log keepers' quirks:
  • The letter 't' appears in a variety of forms:
     
    Sometimes the 't' is not crossed and looks like an 'h' ('Light West'):


    Sometimes the crossbar follows the 't' ('returned'):


    Sometimes the crossbar follows the 't' and is in the form of an elongated tilde ('to anchor'):


    And, just for variety, ('liberty'):



Other information and comments:

« Last Edit: September 16, 2016, 09:36:14 am by Caro »