Author Topic: Jeannette -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description  (Read 3897 times)


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    If you want to look at similar pages for other ships go to: * * * Index - Use this to find your Ship * * *

    Welcome on board the USS Jeannette

    This post covers a log page from 1879.

    "The results of the expedition, both meteorological and geographic, were important. The name of George Washington DeLong is enshrined forever among the ranks of the Navy's explorer heroes."

    Have a look around the forum, and don't hesitate to pose questions! There are lots of people who would be happy to respond. Each time you join a new ship have a look for one of these pages.

    Feel free to add your own questions and comments to: Jeannette -- Discussion: Questions and Comments

    If you are interested in the names of crew members see: Jeannette -- Crew Lists

    Comments on the log:
    • It is recommended that only experienced transcribers attempt this log. On the other hand, if you are curious and careful, go right ahead!
    • This is a fairly standard log format. HOWEVER, the log keepers add extra data (e.g., there were several days with 4 dry bulb temperatures) that can make transcribing tricky. If you work on Jeannette, be sure to look at Jeannette -- Discussion: Questions and Comments to see how to handle these odd cases.
    • Note that the date in the log is in US order (month, day, year) and on the Date tab the order is day, month, year following the Royal Navy format.
    • The noon latitude and longitude readings may appear to be decimal. However the 'decimal point' is actually a degree sign. See example under 'Location' in Type What You See - Yes, but ...
    • Note that on the RN ships we encouraged transcribers to record the names of people, places, and ships mentioned in the log. Now that we are in the Arctic, there are some new items that are of interest. The scientists would appreciate your recording sightings of sea ice on the Sea Ice tab and sightings of animals on the Animals tab. The historians would appreciate your recording refueling on the Refueling tab.

    Links to helpful transcribing information:

    Links to further info about the ship:

    A fellow transcriber (wendolk) has created a database to help both transcribers and historians (and contributors are welcome):
    Searchable Database

    Weather Page:

    The written details are transcribed as follows, though the page you are working on will not display a grid in this way. Note that the data in some columns is not transcribed and that some logs do not have all the columns included in the weather entry box, so, before clicking OK, check that your data is in the correct fields. It is more important to be accurate than to be fast. Only transcribe what is written. Ask on the forum for handwriting help if unsure.

    Location | Place Name | Name = On passage from San Francisco Cal. to Ounalashka

    Hour |Wind Dir |Force |Bar Height |Ther Attached |Dry  |Wet  |Water |Weather Code |Cloud Code |Clear Sky |
    5"430.2256595859"" -0
    6"430.2257595859"" -0
    7"430.2257595860"" -0
    8"430.2257595860"" -0
    9W by N430.2056595860"" -0
    11SW by W330.2060606060""0

    Location | Observed | Latitude = 36 20 | Longitude = 128 11

    Hour |Wind Dir |Force | Bar Height |Ther Attached |Dry |Wet |Water |Weather Code |Cloud code |Clear Sky |
    1SW by S330.1961626262omnone0

    Notes for transcribers:
    • The dash and ditto, one above the other, in the Forms of Clouds by Symbols column between 5 am and 9 am are impossible to transcribe as written. Philip advises that they should be entered as ' " - '. For more information, see: "Multiple Cloud Codes" and "Overwritten Cloud Code" in Type What You See - Yes, but ... What About ... ? and Jeannette -- Discussion: Questions and Comments.
    • The cardinal points are not specified for latitude and longitude. Even though the cardinal points are obviously 'N' and 'W', they should not be added.
    • There is no field on the page specifically for refueling. If the amount of coal received is mentioned, the data should go on the Refueling tab. There may be entries for 'Coal consumed' and 'Coal remaining', but there is no need to enter these numbers unless they interest you (in which case they would go on the Events tab)
    • At the right side are the notes of the 'Record of the sail the vessel is under at the end of watch'. These are not consistently shown at the end of each watch. You do not have to transcribe them
      Took in all the
      Square sails
      Ship is under Fo
      and aft sail.
      Fore and aft sail s
      P.L. 114.25
      Took in all sail

    Record of the Miscellaneous Events of the Day:

    This page has been completely transcribed below to help new transcribers become familiar with both the writing and the language used. Nobody is expected to transcribe all the text! Following it are some comments about transcribing the page.

    Lieutenant Geo. W. DeLong
    Friday July 11th 1879

    Commenced and until 4 a.m.
       Weather cloudy and misty with moderate W. wind
       Tacked ship at 2.30 to N'd
                      John Cole

    4 to 8 a.m.
       Weather foggy. Fresh breeze from the Westward
                   William Nindemann

    8 a.m. to Meridian.
       Weather moderate sky overcast. Wind W. inclined to
    Southerly. At the close of the day. Ship is heading her course
    W.N.W. with for and aft sail set.
                   William Dunbar

    Meridian to 4 p.m
       Overcast and misty with moderate South West breeze
                      John Cole

    4 to 6 p.m.
       Overcast and misty. Moderate S.W. wind. Thick fog at times.
                   William Nindemann

    6 to 8 p.m.
       Overcast and misty. At 7 tacked ship to W.N.W.
       Light airs from N'd.
                   William Dunbar

    8 p.m. to Midnight.
       Overcast and misty. Light Northerly airs
                      John Cole

    Moon dec. 16o N
    Last Quarter
                      John W. Danenhower
                         Master, U.S.N.

    Notes for transcribers:
    • The date should be transcribed. Date = 11/07/1879.
    • With the exception of the date, entering any or all of the information on this page is optional, although including the ice, people and places mentioned below is encouraged. Note: When transcribing descriptions or context, please do not edit what is written in the log. It is OK to transcribe only a small segment of the text if the log entry is long.
      • There are no examples within this page. As an abstract example, if you had the following comment 0053 Unmoored; maneuvering to clear drifting berg you could simply enter drifting berg
    • In general, the symbols for degrees, minutes, and seconds can be omitted. Because the entry boxes will not accept a degree symbol, we have developed the convention of using a lower-case 'o' to represent degrees. It is up to the transcriber to decide whether or not to include the 'o'.

    Log keeper's quirks:

    Other information and comments:

    "The crew of the Jeannette split into three companies after the Jeannette was crushed by ice. The Second Cutter was possibly lost at sea, the Whaleboat was rescued, and the First Cutter reached land but only the two seamen who were sent to obtain rescue survived, the other souls were lost. This list is taken from the final report of the inquest."
    NameDesignation                   Boat             Survived, Yes/No
    George W. DeLong,Commanding OfficerFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    James M. Ambler,Passed Assistant SurgeonFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    George W. Melville,Chief EngineerWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Raymond Lee Newcomb, Naturalist and AstronomerWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    William Dunbar, Ice PilotSecond CutterFate not known
    John (Jack) ColeBoatswainWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Jerome J. Collins,Expedition Meteorologist &First CutterDied Lena Delta
    Correspondent "New York Herald"
    John W. Danenhower, Second OfficerWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Charles W. Chipp, Executive OfficerSecond CutterFate not known
    William F.C. Nindemann,CarpenterFirst CutterSent ahead for relief -rescued
    Louis P. Noros,SeamanFirst CutterSent ahead for relief -rescued
    Tong SingCookWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    AneguinDog-driver and HunterWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Alfred SweetmanCarpenter's MateSecond CutterFate not known
    Walter SharvellCoal heaverSecond CutterFate not known
    Albert G Kuehne  (Kaihne)SeamanSecond CutterFate not known
    Edward StarrSeamanSecond CutterFate not known
    Henry D Warren (Warner)SeamanSecond CutterFate not known
    Peter E JohnsonSeamanSecond CutterFate not known
    Hans H Erichson (Ericksen)SeamanFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Heinrick H Kaack  (Kaak)SeamanFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    George W. BoydCoal heaverFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Walter LeeMachinist & CoppersmithFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Adolph Dressler  (Dresslor)SeamanFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Carl A GortzSeamanFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Neils IversonCoal heaverFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    Ah SamSeamanFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    AlexeyDog-driver and HunterFirst CutterDied Lena Delta
    John (George) Lauderback (Landertack, Lauterbach)Coal heaverWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Herbert Wood LeachSeamanWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    James H. BartlettFiremanWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Frank E MansonSeamanWhaleboatRescued by Natives
    Henry WilsonSeamanWhaleboatRescued by Natives

    « Last Edit: March 28, 2016, 02:46:38 pm by AvastMH »