Author Topic: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery  (Read 8981 times)

Randi

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American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« on: January 06, 2013, 08:54:11 am »
I was working on a page for Thetis when I discovered that the Marine Hospital Service (MHS) ("established in 1798 to provide for the medical care of merchant seamen") led to the development of the National Institutes of Health!
http://history.nih.gov/exhibits/history/index.html
(http://archive.org/stream/journalassociat04meetgoog#page/n593/mode/2up includes people working for P.H.&M.H.S.)

I also found Journal of the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States:
http://archive.org/search.php?query=creator%3A%22Association%20of%20Military%20Surgeons%20of%20the%20United%20States%22

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #1 on: January 06, 2013, 08:59:12 am »
There was a P.H.&M.H.S.R. (Public Health and Marine Hospital Service Reserve) on Sledge Island, near Nome:
http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~2238~190101:Department-Of-The-Interior-General-?sort=Pub_List_No_InitialSort%2CPub_Date%2CPub_List_No%2CSeries_No&qvq=w4s:/where/Alaska/when/1906;sort:Pub_List_No_InitialSort%2CPub_Date%2CPub_List_No%2CSeries_No;lc:RUMSEY~8~1&mi=1&trs=2


PHILADELPHIA MEDICAL JOURNAL (JULY-DECEMBER, 1902): http://www.archive.org/stream/philadelphiamedi10philuoft/philadelphiamedi10philuoft_djvu.txt:
Quote
Smallpox in Alaska. ? The U. S. Treasury Department
has asked the Department of the Interior to transfer Sledge
Island, near Nome, Alaska, to the Treasury Department, to
be used as a smallpox quarantine station, on account of the
prevalence of smallpox in Alaska.

Table of Public Land Orders, 1951?1960: http://www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/wo/MINERALS__REALTY__AND_RESOURCE_PROTECTION_/lands_and_realty/public_land_orders.Par.7656.File.dat/1951-60.pdf
Quote
2150 July 7, 1960 ... Alaska; revoking EO of Sept. 4, 1902; which withdrew Sledge Island
for use of Public Health and Marine Hospital Service.
25 FR 6566


Smallpox on schooner Monterey at Nome, Alaska: http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/picrender.cgi?artid=1359715&blobtype=pdf
« Last Edit: January 27, 2013, 11:15:43 pm by Randi »

Janet Jaguar

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #2 on: January 06, 2013, 01:51:40 pm »
Very interesting.  The whole National Public Health Service started as a one room hygiene lab. :)
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/phs_history/seamen.html

And they used the Coast Guard ships as mobile health care units.  Digging a bit (my curiousity got away from me again!) gave me this picture for 1915 Bear, whenever we get those logs:
 
Quote
Public Health Service officers aboard the Coast Guard Cutter Bear.
Since 1879 medical officers of the Service have been assigned to Coast Guard vessels. Many of the early assignments were on expeditions to Alaska, the Arctic, and on training cruises from the Coast Guard Academy. The Bear was built in Scotland in 1873 and was especially designed for navigating through ocean ice. After being acquired by the Federal Government in 1884, the Bear served in the Arctic for nearly 40 years on various rescue, assistance, investigation, and patrol missions.
c. 1915
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/exhibition/phs_history/healthcare.html#136
« Last Edit: January 06, 2013, 01:53:54 pm by Janet Jaguar »

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #3 on: January 06, 2013, 02:03:44 pm »
Quote
(my curiousity got away from me again!)
Tracking down P.H. + M.H.S. kept me up WAY beyond my bed time :P
(and it obviously could have waited till morning ::) ::) ::))

Janet Jaguar

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #4 on: January 06, 2013, 04:17:15 pm »
Definitely kindred spirits! ;D

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #5 on: January 27, 2013, 11:06:57 am »
Nome and Seward Peninsula : history, description, biographies and stories:

Quote
DR. ALBERT L. DERBYSHIRE

DURING the past three years Dr. A. L. Derby-
shire has filled the position of Assistant Sur-
geon of the U. S. Marine Hospital Service in
Nome. This position places him in charge of the
hospital and quarantine work, and requires him to
inspect all vessels arriving at Nome. Dr. Derbyshire
has discharged his duties faithfully, and in a manner to
receive the commendation of the public. Many times
in midsummer he has been awakened after midnight by
a hustling agent of a steamer, and has obligingly
arisen from his bed to go out and inspect a vessel, al-
though the regulations of his department did not re-
quire him to work at these hours. But he is an old
resident of Nome, and understands the conditions here
? the uncertainty of the weather, and the value to
steamship comoanies of a smooth sea when cargoes
are to be discharged, or passengers are to be landed.
Frequently storms come up suddenly, without an hour's
warning, and lash the sea into fury so that steamers
have to seek safety in an anchorage five or six miles
from land, or shelter in the lee of Sledge Island, twenty miles distant. D




DERBYSHIRE.



Derbyshire's



BIOGRAPHIES AND STORIES. 367

prompt response to calls for his official service at all hours is commendable and has been
helpful to steamship companies and the public.

Dr. Derbyshire is a native of Franklin County, Indiana. He was born May
23, 1 85 1 . When a young man he learned telegraphy, and was employed as a telegraph
operator on the Wabash Railroad for a period of six years. It twas during this time he
began the study of medicine. He afterward completed his medical education in the Ohio
Medical College at Cincinnati and Indiana Medical College at Indianapolis, and was gradu-
ated from the latter institution Feb. 1 8, 1 886. He began the practice of medicine in Con-
nersville, Ind. In 1887 he moved to San Diego, Cal., and practiced in San Diego and El
Cajon Valley. He spent a year at Cedrous Island, Mexico, as physician for a mining com-
pany, and moved to Oregon in 1 893, locating at Stayton, seventeen miles from Salem. Five
years later he moved to Portland where he resided until the spring of 1 900, when he came
to Nome. He tried his hand at mining for a couple of years, but resumed the practice
of his profession in 1902, subsequently receiving the Government appointment heretofore
noted.

Dr. Derbyshire was married in 1879. The issue of this marriage is a daughter,
Laura, now twenty-three years old. Mrs. Derbyshire died in 1 882. Thirteen years later
he contracted a second marriage with Miss Francis A. Briggs, of Stayton, Oregon. Dr.
Derbyshire is a courteous gentleman, and a man of worth.


Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #6 on: November 11, 2013, 09:30:51 pm »
Dealing with a crew member who contracted scarlet fever: Patterson -- Discussion: Questions and Comments

Randi

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« Last Edit: January 19, 2014, 08:29:15 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #8 on: February 01, 2015, 08:59:50 am »
medical supplies obtained at Shanghai, China:

2 lbs Hydrargi Oleas 6.00
1 Ko Hydrargri Ungt 5.00
10 lbs Magnesia Sulphas 1.25
5 lbs Absorbent Cotton 4.75
40 yds Muslin 6.00
1 lb Mustard 1.50
2 oz Protargol 8.50
10~00 Tablet bottles. Fil Hydrargri Prato-Iodide 5.00

wikipedia has an entry for hydrargyri "blue pill" - a mercury based medicine used for syphilis, TB, constipation, toothache, parasites, and pain of childbirth.  Blue pill + black draught was a standard cure for constipation (especially on ships!).  Black draught laxative is a combination of senna + magnesia.  Protargol is a silver based astringent, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory.  It was used to treat gonorrhea.  The hydrargri proto-iodide was prescribed for everything from acne to kidney disease, and syphilis.

Janet Jaguar

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #9 on: February 01, 2015, 09:22:36 am »
I forgot about this new topic when reading the Unalga's efforts to nurse and aid the Spanish Flu victims and their orphans.  Immense, long, difficult, and tragic as it was, the heroic efforts of the Unalga crew should be noted. 

Unalaska:
http://forum.oldweather.org/index.php?topic=3342.msg101575#msg101575
http://forum.oldweather.org/index.php?topic=3342.msg101814#msg101814

Bristol Bay:
http://forum.oldweather.org/index.php?topic=3342.msg102054#msg102054

Transporting orphans:
http://forum.oldweather.org/index.php?topic=3342.msg102345#msg102345

Definitely giving health care to those who need it.


AvastMH

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #11 on: June 25, 2015, 11:31:10 pm »
Have you seen some of these things???
Colchici, Digitalis, Ergotae, Belladonna - all poisons
Plumbi acetas - I'm not mad on that as a medicine
Strychnia, Cupping glasses  :o :o :o
Only good things? Whisky and Port wine   :D

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #12 on: June 26, 2015, 07:31:33 am »
Interesting to see that they were using metric units.

Janet Jaguar

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #13 on: June 26, 2015, 06:09:26 pm »
Having majored in chemistry, I know the scientists of America went completely metric a very, very long time ago - certainly well before I was born.  It was much more important that their papers be read accurately world wide than matching them to anything being measured out on the street.  I'm not surprised that medicine and doctors in general are included in that. 

Randi

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Re: American: Health, Hygiene, Medicine, and Surgery
« Reply #14 on: August 16, 2015, 09:57:45 am »
This is a modern news item, but it really hit home for me: Waiting for the ship that could save a man's life