Author Topic: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing  (Read 2119 times)

Randi

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Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« on: September 23, 2015, 03:50:24 pm »
The purpose of this topic is to help you understand the marking and transcribing process. The following posts contain examples and explanations.

If you need help, please post in: Ask questions about marking and transcribing



Introduction to Whaling Logbooks and Journals
  • The beginning of an entry
  • Typical activities for a crew member
  • Encounters with marine life (lists types of whales)
  • Whaling
  • Encounters with other vessels
  • Land and land activities
  • Notable events
  • Stamps and drawings
  • Miscellany
  • Glossary of terms and phrases frequently mentioned in whaling logbooks



This is all new to us too, so please be patient as we develop it!
« Last Edit: October 01, 2015, 05:32:45 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #1 on: September 23, 2015, 04:00:22 pm »
Here is a log page that has been transcribed as an example.
There is no need for you to transcribe everything!




Click here to open in a separate tab


Quote
1870 July

    Remarks on Board the Bark Seneca
Friday 15'th
             Commences with light airs from the NE.
with a thick fogg the ship laying with the Fore Topsail aback
gaming with the Bark Florida of San Francisco the middle
and latter parts have light winds from the East the ship
steering to the South the land in sight to the South
a large fleet of ships in sight cruising
                           Latt by Obs 67..30 North
                           Long by Chro 171.35 West
Saturday 16'th
             Commences with fresh breezes from
the Eastward and fine weather the ship under all sail
cruising at one PM lowered he boats in chase of
walrous and got eleven of them. at six PM spoke the
Bark Eugena of New Bedford Capt Nye with thirty
walrous this season the middle part the ship laying off
the ice at six AM lowered the boats in chase of walrous and
ends with the boats in chase the land in sight to the South
distant twenty miles

Sunday 17'th
             Commences with light winds from the
NE and fine weather the ship laying off the ice the
boats in the ice chasing walrous at five AM the boats
returned to the ship having got sixty walrous the
latter part have a thick fogg       no Observations

Monday 18'th
             Commences with fresh breezes from the
NE with a thick fogg the ship laying aback off the ice
at three PM the fogg lifted Cape Serdes baring South
distant twenty miles. spoke and gamed with the
Florida of San Francisco the Barks Eugena and
Benjmin Cumings in Company the middle part Calm
at seven AM lowered the boats for walrous got thirty seven
of them                       Latt by Calc 67.25 North

« Last Edit: October 01, 2015, 07:06:33 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #2 on: September 23, 2015, 04:29:20 pm »
Here is a manually created image showing the above page with superimposed example markings and transcriptions for Date, Location, and Ice.



Click here to open in a separate tab



Notes:

Date
It is not necessary to include the day of the week (e.g. Friday) or to enter additions such as 'st, 'nd, 'rd, and 'th.


Location
When entering latitude or longitude, the degree, minute and second symbols can be left out. North, South, East, and West can be transcribed as N, S, E, and W. Never add the cardinal direction if it is not in the log, and never correct the cardinal direction in the log.
It is not necessary to include details such as Latt by Obs, Long by Chro, and Latt by Calc.
For example: 64 23 48 N or 126 44 W

Please include place names. The science team prefers to have the place name without additional details.

If two locations are given (e.g., between Cape Seppins and Cape Thompson) make one entry with both names. However, entries like this are not very helpful. They are only important if no other location information is given.

No need to transcribe comments like at sea.

Just in case you are interested...
Based on the latitude and longitude in the log, Cape Serdes is probably Mys Serdtse-Kamen'. See Russian Place Names -- Reference


Ice

« Last Edit: October 11, 2015, 09:07:52 am by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #3 on: September 23, 2015, 07:54:11 pm »
Here is a manually created image showing the above page with superimposed example markings and transcriptions for Weather.



Click here to open in a separate tab



Notes:

Weather
If they say the ship is becalmed, that can be entered as the wind force if it is not otherwise specified.
« Last Edit: October 01, 2015, 07:08:03 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #4 on: September 23, 2015, 08:06:35 pm »
Here is a manually created image showing the above page with superimposed example markings and transcriptions for Events.



Click here to open in a separate tab



Notes:

Events
The walrus hunting can be noted as Other. Please use Whaling Activity only for whales.


« Last Edit: October 01, 2015, 07:08:52 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #5 on: September 23, 2015, 08:09:47 pm »
General Notes:

Type what you see (TWYS)
The general rule is to type what you see (TWYS).
Please do not make additions or corrections to the text.

If you can't read a word make your best guess.
If can't even make a guess, you can indicate one or more unreadable letters with a tilde (e.g., Bark Anne Ma~ of Boston).

Some times you can't type what you see. The degree symbol can generally be ignored. If the meaning is not clear, you can spell out the word degrees. When transcribing latitude and longitude the degree, minute and second symbols can all be omitted. Superscripts can be types as normal text. Accent marks can be omitted.


Time of event
If there is a time associated with the event, please try to include it. However, do not include the time if if there are intervening events.

The transcription at the beginning of this topic includes the comments:
     "middle part the ship laying off the ice"
and
     "Commences with light winds from the NE and fine weather the ship laying off the ice"

The first case can be transcribed exactly as it is:
     "middle part the ship laying off the ice"

The second case can be transcribed as:
     "ship laying off the ice",
or as
     "Commences with light winds from the NE and fine weather the ship laying off the ice"
but not as
     "Commences  ship laying off the ice"
« Last Edit: September 24, 2015, 02:37:51 pm by Randi »

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #6 on: November 19, 2015, 03:37:45 pm »
A few quick notes:
  • Fine or fine weather
    Lightening
    Squally
    Thick or thick weather
    Thunder
    should go under Other Weather
    Kevin says: I would say that in general if there is a weather something that doesn't clearly fit a category then 'other' is appropriate.
       
  • Clear
    Fog
    should go under Sky/Cloud
       
  • Grampus
    A grampus can be an Orca (killer whale) or sometimes a Risso's Dolphin - and can be marked as a whale
       
  • Question: With regard to marking whaling activity is it only the whales themselves that need marking or should I also be marking the activities of cutting, boiling, storing oil etc ?
    Reply: It should be up to killing the whale: seen, chased, struck and lost, taken/killed.



Thanks to Kevin! ;)

Randi

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Re: Guides for whaling logs: marking and transcribing
« Reply #7 on: November 21, 2015, 12:49:16 pm »
Reminder:
Please include place names. The science team prefers to have the place name without additional details.

If two locations are linked together (e.g., between Cape Seppins and Cape Thompson) make one entry with both names. However, entries like this are not very helpful. They are only important if no other location information is given.
« Last Edit: November 21, 2015, 09:48:42 pm by Randi »