Author Topic: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination  (Read 435 times)

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Welcome to Northland (1937) and a new phase of Old Weather.

As before, this topic is for asking questions and sharing information.
Now it will also be used to help coordinate transcriptions as we develop the new system.



Links to log books:
Links to first pages of log books



You may find some useful background information in Northland -- Reference: Transcription Example and Log Description.
However the transcribing instructions no longer apply.

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #1 on: December 17, 2016, 05:06:25 am »
Reserved

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #2 on: December 17, 2016, 05:06:39 am »
Reserved

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #3 on: December 17, 2016, 05:06:50 am »
Reserved

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #4 on: December 17, 2016, 05:06:59 am »
Reserved

mapurves

  • Shipherd
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1821
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #5 on: February 14, 2017, 06:33:12 pm »
Having finished stream two on Unalga, I will work a bit on these for a change.

AvastMH

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 7317
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #6 on: February 14, 2017, 08:00:51 pm »
Good on you Michael!  8)

mapurves

  • Shipherd
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1821
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #7 on: February 15, 2017, 02:31:18 am »
Not sure if this is too much detail. I can work out the exact positions of the ice if needed. I noted the last position before ice was reported and the courses from that position to the ice, or the positions with times before and after the ice was encountered.

Northland 1937

Jan 1, Seattle
May 22, Leaving Seattle
May 26, Juneau
May 31, Dutch Harbor

June 6 5:00 PM sighted large ice field on port bow in Lat. 62 57N Long. 167 09W. 7:30 PM sighted some scattered ice to starboard. 8:00 PM location 63 17N 166 42W. 9:40 Sighted ice floe of starboard bow. 9:45 Ice dead ahead. 10:15 Passed ice to starboard. 10:40 Stopped. Took oceanographic station #17 in lat. 63 38N, long. 166 22W. 11:36 Underway working to eastward in scattered floe on course 120 p.g.c, 116 true at a basic speed of 56 r.p.m., 1/3 ahead.

June 7. Midnight to 4:00 AM. Underway on various courses and speeds working through ice to make good course to Nome. 2:15 Stopped took oceanographic station #18 in lat. 63 54N long 165 47W. 7:05 AM anchored in Nome.

June 8. Meridian to 4:00 PM. Anchored as before. 2:00 Underway steering various courses at various speeds through ice; Solid ice to eastward. 2:25 Stopped and lowered #2 boat to investigate party of Eskimos on ice. 2:40 Hoisted boat underway as before. 3:15 clear of ice set course 203 pgc, 201 T at 115 rpm and so to end. 8PM 64 22N  165 32W.
4:00 PM to 8:00 PM Underway as before on course 203 pgc. at 115 rpm 4:54 (80.4) changed course to 245 pgc as heavy ice field was sighted ahead. 5:07 hauled in log (81.2) and stood various courses and speeds through broken ice. 5:50 stood about and headed back through ice field as ice was getting heavier and extended as far as could be seen. 6:45 through ice, set course 30 pgc 28T at 115 rpm. 7:19 changed course to 26 true 28 pgc. and so to end.
8:00 PM to midnight. Underway as before. 8:25 approaching south edge of ice field off Nome roadstead. Ice had moved shoreward and filled former anchorage. Decision made to anchor outside on southern edge of field. 8:30 Anchored in 13 ? fathom of water to 45 fathoms of starboard chain on following true bearings: Fort Davis, 65o; East Jetty 30o. 8PM 64 22N 165 32W.

June 9. Midnight to 4 AM. 3:00 Underway one engine, shifting anchorage clear of ice. 3:30 Let go starboard anchor to 45 fathoms of starboard chain in 9 fathoms of water; East Jetty bearing 36T and Fort Davis bearing 90T. (Based on bearings: 64.4823   -165.4799.)

8 PM to midnight. 12:00 Shore ice gradually breaking adrift.

June 10. 8 AM to Meridian. Roadstead filled with drift ice and shore ice from upper Norton Sound.

June 11. 4:00 AM to 8:00 AM. Two very large ice pans and several smaller pieces of ice in vicinity of ship throughout watch. 11:00 Anchor aweigh; underway at 110 r.p.m., set course 203 p.g.c. 201 true. Heading to the Southward to scout out the ice and standby for arrival of Victoria in the ice fields. 1:06 changed course to 134 pgc., 132 T. 143 changed course to 203 pgc, 201 T. 1:50 Slowed to 1/3 speed to pass through drift ice, making various courses through leads. 2:10 Through ice, resumed course 203 pgc, 201 T. 3:00 No indication of ice to southard, changed course to 23 pgc, 21 T. 4:55 Slowed to 1/3 speed entering ice, on various courses through ice to end. 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM. Underway as before on various courses and speeds. 7:15 through ice, set course 10 pgc, 8 True, at 115 rpm.  Noon location 64 21N 165 32W. 8 PM Nome Roadstead.

13 June. 4:00 AM to 8:00 AM. Anchored as before. Several pans shore ice floating in roadstead. 610 Underway. 11:45 Entering thin slush ice. 8 AM position: 64 24N 164 52W. Noon: 64 20N 163 31W. 8 PM: Golofnin Bay. 1:30 PM Underway though ice on various courses entering Golovin Bay. 3:00 Anchored in Golovin Bay.

15 June. 4:00 to 8:00 AM As before, rounding Cape Darby on various courses and speeds through ice and fog. 5:00 Having found ice too heavy, stood into clear water and anchored in Golofnin Bay? with Cape Darby bearing 100T, distant one mile.

June 18. 8:00 PM to midnight. Anchored as before. 8:10 Underway various courses and speeds: skirting the ice fields to the Southward. One engine. Cut in both engines. Making good a base course of 200 p.g.c., 197 true. 11:00 Standing northward to Cape Darby various courses and speeds through ice. 11:30 Cleared ice off Cape Darby: 8 PM location: Elim. 64.61839, -162.27338.

June 19. Midnight to 4 AM. Entering Golovin Bay. Changed course to avoid ice. 3:20 Resumed course 277 pgc, 274 T having passed around scattered drift ice extending 15 miles out from shore, and so to end. 4:33 Changed course to 265 pgc., 262 T. to pass southward of ice.  7:05 Standing various courses and speeds through ice toward Nome making good course 355 pgc., 352 T. 8:35 Anchored in Nome Roadstead.

20 June. 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM. 5:20 stopped and took Oceanographic station #26. Position of station: Lat. 64 48N Long. 167 34W. 5:40 Underway on course 303 pgc. 302 true at 110 rpm. 5:49 changed course to 330 pgc 329 true. 5:57 changed course to 340 pgc. 339 true to follow open leads through ice. 6:07 stood various courses and speeds through ice pack. 7:20 anchored off King Island

21 June. Midnight to 4:00 AM. 12:00 getting underway standing out of anchorage at King Island at 2/3 speed 2 engines. 00:10 On various courses working way around ice at standard speed. 00:45 through ice, set course to 133 pgc, 132 T. and so to end.

25 June. 8PM location: 63 46N 166 20W. 8:00 PM to Midnight. On course 273 p.g.c., 270 true at 110 rpm throughout the watch.

26 June. Midnight to 4:00 AM. Enroute to St. Lawrence Island. 2:35 Sighted drift ice. 2:40 Took in log (79.7). Changed course to 245 pgc. 240 T. 3:00 Changed course to 273 pgc, 270 T and so to end. 4:57 Changed course to 260 p.g.c., 257 T. 540 Passed southern extremity of brash ice.

28 June. 5:54 PM stopped and took Oceanographic station #58. Lat. 64 05N. Long. 170 00W. 6:14 underway on course 89 pgc. 86 true at 110 rpm. 6:00 sighted field of heavy pack ice on port beam, and passed serval heavy pieces of scattered ice.

Randi

  • Global Moderator
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 13069
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #8 on: February 15, 2017, 02:56:55 am »
How much detail you include is up to you ;)

mapurves

  • Shipherd
  • Hero Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1821
    • View Profile
Re: Northland (1937) -- Discussion: Questions, Comments and Coordination
« Reply #9 on: February 19, 2017, 05:20:19 pm »
Northland 1937

No Ice seen in July. Positions as noted.
Jul 1, Port Clarence, Alaska
Jul 4, Tin City, Alaska
Jul 5, Cape Prince of Wales
Jul 6, Natepelmer, Siberia (Russia, Chukotka)
Jul 7, 66 06N 169 32W
Jul 8, 64 27N 165 45W
Jul 9, Nome, Alaska
Jul 10, St. Michael, Alaska
Jul 11, Shaktoolik, Alaska
Jul 12, Nome, Alaska
Jul 13, 63 54N 168 56W
Jul 14, 62 27N 170 43W
Jul 15, 60 15N 167 08W
Jul 16, South of 60
Jul 19, Dutch Harbor
Jul 29, 62 00N 168 18W
Jul 30, 64 06N 168 13W
Jul 31, Nome

Aug 1, 66 58N 167 18W
Aug 2, Point Hope, Alaska
Aug 3, Point Hope
Aug 4, Point Hope
Aug 5, 69 55N 163 13W
Aug 6, Point Lay, Alaska
Aug 7, 70 12N 162 24W
6:20 AM, Entered scattered ice in Lat 70 02N Long 162 52W. 7:05 Ice getting thicker, standing various courses making good course 30 true. 7:30 Ice very heavy to Northward, headed toward land making good course, 110T. Anchored at noon 70 12N 162 24W
Aug 8, 70 12N 162 24W
Aug 9, Icy Cape, Alaska
Aug 10,
12:40 PM Underway various courses and speeds to anchorage clear of drift ice. 1:25 Let go port anchor. 1:30 took oceanographic station #145 in lat. 70 07N long. 162 23W.  Omitted quarters, maneuvering ship through ice. 4:00 PM anchored as before. 6:15 Underway on various courses and speeds maneuvering through ice. 6:50 anchored clear of drift ice. Bearings Icy Cape 63 true, tripod signal #1 80 true.
Aug 11, Icy Cape
Aug 12, Icy Cape
4:15 AM Underway on course 40 pgc, 38T at 2/3 speed. 4:30 Various courses and speeds making good course 50 T., Working past scattered ice toward channel through Blossom Shoals. 5:15 Stopped. Boat from Wainwright came alongside. Wainwright school teacher and 3 Natives came on board. Received information that ice was very heavy to Northward and landing would be impossible at Wainwright. 5:25 Turned around. 6:00 Anchored with Signal tripod #1 bearing 165 T., Icy Cape 91 T. 5:15 PM made preparation for getting undewary to avoid fouling large ice floe, started heaving short. 5:20 underway on various courses and speeds maneuvering to clear ice. 5:30 anchored on the following true bearings: Tripod #1 153o Icy Cape 86o.
Aug 13, Icy Cape
12:40 PM Underway on course 40 pgc, 39T at 80 r.p.m. 1:15 Various courses through ice. 2:10 Maneuvering to come along side of large cake of ice to obtain fresh water. 2:20 Anchored to ice. 2:55 Began taking water from top of ice. 5:50 finished taking water. Received 3000 gallons fresh water. 6:05 Cast off and underway on various courses and speeds on one motor making eastward through drift ice. 7:30 stopped as ice getting heavier and fog setting in and anchored ? Icy Cape bearing 245 true distant 11 miles. (From bearing and distance given, position is: 70.4068 -161.3888) Anchored as before. 8:00 PM took oceanographic station #148 in lat. 70 26N long. 161 12W.
14 Aug, Icy Cape
Anchored off Icy Cape with icy Cape bearing 245 T. distance 11 miles. 5:40 AM Underway on one engine standing to the Eastward through drift ice various courses and speeds making good course 80o T. 6:30 Found very heavy ice ahead, reversed course and stood out of heavy ice. 7:35 Anchored with Icy Cape bearing 240o true distant 11 miles.  (From bearing and distance give, position is: 70.4210 -161.4108) Anchored as before. 9:00 AM Took oceanographic station 150, in lat. 70 25N, long. 161 40W.
15 Aug, 8:00 AM: 70 35N 160 20W. Noon: Wainwright. 8:00 PM: 70 57N 158 35W.
4:10 AM Underway on various courses at various speeds on one engine working through heavy ice toward Wainwright. 6:54 Ice well scattered, cut in port engine and made standard speed 110 rpm. Continued on course 70o T., changing as necessary to miss large pieces of ice. 9:20 Anchored off Wainwright.1:05 PM underway on course 316o pgc, 315 T to 110 rpm. 1:15 Changed course to 46 pgc, 45oT. 2:35 Point Belcher abeam to starboard distance 1.5 miles changed course to 66 pgc, 65T. 3:09 Sighted skin boat off starboard bow, apparently broken down and signaling for assistance. ?  3:40 Resumed course 65T. 66 pgc at 110 rpm making way through ice and so to end. Underway as before. 5:00 ice getting heavier and no open leads sighted. Changed course and stood out of ice on various courses and speeds towards Point Franklin. 5:30 started working through drift ice making good course 115o pgc. 7:10 ice observed to be packed solid close to beach and no open leas. Changed course and stood out of ice on various courses and speeds making good course 285 pgc. 8:00 PM Standing through broken field ice various courses and speeds, skirting beach from Point Franklin to Wainwright.
16 Aug, Wainwright.
12:05 AM. Let go starboard anchor.
17 Aug, Wainwright.
4:00 PM Underway. 6:00 PM stopped and took Oceanographic station #152 Lat. 70 30N. Long. 160 28W. 6:25 underway on base course of 225o pgc 225 True at 80 rpm, steering various courses working through scattered drift ice. 9:10 Anchored with Icy Cape bearing 260 true, distance 10 miles. (Based on bearing and distance given Position 70.3004 -162.3694.)
18 Aug, Icy Cape
Scattered ice nearby. 10:50 AM Underway on one engine, standard speed on course 270 p.g.c. 270 true. 11:38 Altered course to investigate an object appearing to be a drifting boat; found to be ice. 11:45 Resumed course 270 p.g.c., 270 true, standing for anchorage off Icy Cape. Ice to northward, eastward and westward. 12:25 Anchored at Icy Cape on the following bearings: Icy Cape 205 T; signal 159 T. 1:00 PM took oceanographic station #154 lat. 70 24N long 161 39W. 1:15 Sent working party ashore to repair signals: one at Icy Cape and one at point 2 miles to the eastward on beach. Ice to northward and westward. Heavy ice grounded on Icy Cape shoal.
19 Aug, Icy Cape
12:00 AM. Anchored off Icy Cape on the following bearings: Icy Cape 208 T signal 160 T. (Based on these bearings, Position: 70.3687 -161.8203 and using the position of the signal 2 miles eastward on beach Position 70.3214 -161.7744) Ice to northward and to westward grounded on shoal.
20 Aug, 8:00 AM: Icy Cape, Noon: 70 33N 160 18W, 8:00 PM: 70 26N 162 11W.
8:55 AM. Underway, various courses at slow speeds standing from anchorage. 9:00 Set course 70 p.g.c. and true, speed 110 r.p.m. 10:00 Standing through scattered ice toward Wainwright, altering course as necessary on a base course of 70o true. 11:45 Making good a base course of 45 p.g.c. and true. 12:55 Approaching anchorage at Wainwright. 1:05 Let go port anchor. 2:10 Underway on course 225 p.g.c. 225 T through ice. 2:24 Various speeds making way through ice toward Icy Cape and so to end. 5:20 changed course to 250 pgc 250 true as base course, steering various courses through drift ice. 5:30 changed course to 301 pgc. 301 true, clear of drift ice and steering regular courses.
20 Aug, 8:00 AM 69 07N 165 43W. Noon: Cape Lisburne
No ice reported.
21 Aug, Noon: Point Hope. 8:00 PM. 68 36N 166 31W.
22 Aug. 8 AM 70 03N 163 10W. Noon. 70 28N 162 12W. 8:00 PM 70 46N 159 33W.
Meridian to 4:00. Underway on course 50 pgc and true at 11 rpm. 12:30 Changed course to 78 pgc and true. 1:30 Changed course to 90 pgc and true. 2:13 Took in log. 2:30 Changed course to 135 pgc and true to round cake of ice. 5:45 anchored off Wainwright. 6:55 Hoisted boat and set course 515 pgc 315 true at 110 rpm. 7:05 Changed course to 45 pgc. 45 true, and so to end. 8:25 Point Belcher abeam to starboard, distance 1.5 miles; changed course to 62 pgc and true. 9:25 Passed close aboard the SCHR. C. S. HOLMES at anchor. Stand through scattered ice; visibility decreasing. 10:05 Anchored in lat. 70 55N., long. 158 57W. Heavy ice drifting southeastward of vessel.
23 Aug, Noon.  Wainwright. 8:00 PM. 70 21N 162 19W
1:50 Underway on course 62 pgc and true at 11o rpm. 2:20 Various courses, base course 62 pgc and true working way through ice. 2:48 Changed base course to 245 pgc and true having found ice too heavy to make any further way toward Barrow. 4:00 AM Working through ice to anchorage near the schooner C. S. Holmes. 410 Anchored near the Holmes in Lat. 70 52N long. 159 04W. 4:55 Underway on course 245 pgc and true at 110 rpm. 7:05 Anchored off Wainwright. 1:55 PM Underway at 110 rpm Various courses to come alongside the Holmes. 2:15 Stopped 200 yards off Holmes, inquired about ice and weather conditions * 2:30 Underway on course 270 pgc and true at 110 rpm. 2:37 Changed course 256 pgc and true and so to end. * Holmes stated that she had to leave her anchorage 20 miles north of Wainwright because of heavy ice closing on her and that wind had shifted to the north. 4:37 stopped and took Oceanographic Station # 164 in Lat. 70 35N Long. 160 58W. 4:55 Underway on course 256 true 256 pgc at 110 rpm.5:50 encountered scattered pieces of drift ice. 6:50 Last pieces of drift ice sighted. 7:35 stopped and took Oceanographic station #165. in Lat. 70 22N 162 15W.
24 Aug. 8:00 AM. 68 54N 166 15W. Noon. 68 20N. 167 00W. 8:00 PM. 67 37N. 164 35W.
No ice reported.
25 Aug. Kotzebue, Alaska.
26 Aug. 8:00 AM. 66 18N 162 04W. Noon. Kiwalik, Alaska. 8:00 PM. Deering, Alaska.
27 Aug. Noon. Shishmaref, Alaska.
28 Aug. Noon. King Island, Alaska.
29 Aug. Nome.
30 Aug. St. Michael
31 Aug. Noon. Unalakleet. 8:00 PM. 64 12N 161 13W.
1 Sep. Elim, Alaska.
2 Sep. Nome.
3 Sep. Nome.
4 Sep. Noon. Savoonga, Alaska. 8:00 PM Gambell, Alaska
5 Sep. St. Lawrence Bay, Siberia.
6 Sep. St. Lawrence Bay, Siberia.
7 Sep. 8:00 AM. St. Lawrence Bay. Noon. 65 27N 170 17W. 8:00 PM. 65 23N 168 24W.
8 Sep. Teller, Alaska
Received information that Barrow was clear of ice.
9 Sep. Teller, Alaska. 8:00 PM. King Island.
10 Sep. Nome.
11 Sep. Golofnin Bay
12 Sep. 8:00 AM. Golofnin Bay. Noon. 64 18N 162 24W. 8:00 PM. Iguik.
13 Sep. 8:00 AM. 64 24N 164 58W. Noon. Nome. 8:00 PM. 64 50N 167 46W.
14 Sep. 8:00 AM. 65 15N 168 53W. Noon. Tin City. 8:00 PM. Little Diomede Island.
Natives of Diomedes report drift ice off East Cape, Siberia.
15 Sep. 8:00 AM. 65 11N 168 14W. Noon. 64 50N 167 06W.  8:00 PM Nome.
16 Sep. Nome.
17 Sep. 8:00 AM. 63 56N 161 28W. Noon. Unalakleet. 8:00 PM. 64 02N 162 11W.
18 Sep. Nome.
19 Sep. 8:00 AM. 63 18N 166 20W. Noon. 62 38N 166 46W. 8:00 PM. 61 18N 167 41W.
20 Sep. 8:00 AM. 59 11N 168 04W. Noon. 58 27N 167 44W. 8:00 PM. 57 05N 167 26W.
21 Sep. 8:00 AM. 55 32N 167 00W. Noon. 54 55N 166 50W. 8:00 PM. Dutch Harbor.
22 Sep. Unalaska.
?
27 Sep. Unalaska.
28 Sep. 8:00 AM. Unalaska. Noon. 54 01N 166 25W. 8:00 PM. Biorka, Alaska.
29 Sep. 8:00 AM. Biorka. Noon. 54 09N 166 12W. 8:00 PM. Akutan, Alaska.
30 Sep. Akutan. 8:00 PM. Lost Harbor, Alaska.

1 Oct. 8:00 AM. 54 10N 163 01W. Noon. 54 08N 161 55W. 8:00 PM. 54 08N 159 31W.
2 Oct. Noon. 53 54n 155 05W.
3 Oct. Noon. 53 32N 147 46W.
4 Oct. 8:00 AM. 52 57N 142 50W.
5 Oct. Noon. 51 49N 135 36W.
6 Oct. Noon. 50 11N 129 30W.
7 Oct. 8:00 PM. Seattle.
31 Dec. Seattle.


« Last Edit: February 20, 2017, 08:42:05 pm by mapurves »